Justify My Love
"Justify My Love" is a song from Madonna's first compilation The Immaculate Collection (1990). It was released on November 6, 1990 by Sire Records, as the first single from the compilation. The song appeared on the later greatest hits compilation album Celebration (2009). The song was written by Lenny Kravitz and Ingrid Chavez, with additional lyrics by Madonna. Chavez, however was not credited the song, which led to a lawsuit towards Kravitz. Chavez received an out-of-court settlement including a writer credit. The song was unique in that Madonna's vocals are primarily spoken and whispered, but almost never sung, a style which she later utilized frequently on her following album Erotica (1992).
Musically, "Justify My Love" is a trip-hop inspired song, with mid-tempo settings and instrumentation. The lyrics of the song are primarily about sex and romance. "Justify My Love" received mixed reviews from older critics, but was critically appreciated from many contemporary critics, noting it as one of Madonna's best songs to date. The song became Madonna's ninth number one on the Billboard Hot 100, while reaching the top ten in countries including Australia, Canada, Finland, New Zealand, Italy, Switzerland and the United Kingdom, including more other countries.
The accompanying music video portrayed Madonna as a woman walking in an hotel hallway, looking distressed and tired from work, until being sexually seduced to having sex with a mysterious man and woman. It caused controversy worldwide, due to its explicit sexual images which was subsequently banned from MTV and other TV networks. The video contained imagery of sadomasochism, voyeurism, and bisexuality. The song has been performed on three of her concert tours, most recently being on her MDNA Tour in 2012.
"Justify My Love" has a legacy as one of the most, if not the most, controversial songs and videos of Madonna's career. It has been covered multiple times by other artists and also frequently parodied.
1990 'Justify My Love'
December 21, 1990
Justify My Love" peaks at #1 on the Billboard singles chart.
From the album The Immaculate Collection
"Express Yourself (1990)" (remix)
November 6, 1990 (Worldwide)
December 2, 1990 (U.K.)
December 10, 1990 (Japan)
Format: CD single, CD maxi single, video single, cassette, 7" single
Recorded: August 1990 at Axis Recording Studios (New York, New York)
Genre: Trip hop, porn groove
Label: Sire · Warner Bros.
Lenny Kravitz ·
Ingrid Chavez · Madonna (additional lyrics)
Producer: Lenny Kravitz · André Betts
Sticky & Sweet Tour 2008
The Sticky & Sweet Tour was the eighth concert tour by American singer Madonna to promote her eleventh studio album, Hard Candy. It began in August 2008 and was Madonna's first tour from her new recording and business deal with Live Nation. The tour was announced in February 2008, with dates for European and North American venues revealed. Though initially planned, the tour did not visit Australia due to financial problems and the financial recession. Costume designer Arianne Phillips designed the costumes, supported by a number of famous designers and brands. The stage for the main show was planned similarly to that of her previous 2006 Confessions Tour. After the tour concluded in 2008, Madonna announced plans of playing a second European leg in 2009 to play in territories she either had never been to or had not played for a long time.
The tour was described as a "rock driven dancetastic journey". It was divided into four acts: Pimp, where S&M was the main theme, Old School where Madonna's classic songs were performed, while displaying work of deceased artist Keith Haring, Gypsy, a fusion of Romani folk music and dance, with the performances ranging from melancholy to joyous, and Rave, where she performed eastern influences. The show ended with sing-along of the final song with the audience. Some changes were made to the set list during the second European leg of the tour in 2009, including a dance tribute to deceased singer Michael Jackson. The tour generated positive reviews from critics.
The Sticky & Sweet Tour broke many records in terms of its ticket sales, commercial gross and audience attendance. After the first leg, it became the highest grossing tour by a solo artist, earning US $282 million ($305,754,250 in 2013 dollars), breaking the previous record Madonna herself held with her Confessions Tour. Overall, Madonna performed to over 3.5 million fans in 32 countries, grossing a total of US $408 million ($443,946,021 in 2013 dollars), making it the then-second highest-grossing tour of all time, behind only The Rolling Stones's A Bigger Bang Tour. It still remains the highest grossing tour by a solo artist and the fourth highest-grossing tour of all time. At the 2009 Billboard Touring Awards, the Sticky & Sweet Tour won the Top Tour and Top Draw prizes, which acknowledge the highest-grossing and highest-attended tours of the year, respectively. Madonna's manager Guy Oseary won the Top Manager award.
While on tour, a number of statements by Madonna against 2008 American Republican Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates John McCain and Sarah Palin, respectively, faced strong opposition from the Republican Party. While performing in Romania in 2009, Madonna's statement about gypsy discrimination in eastern European countries was received negatively. During the second leg, two workers constructing her stage at Stade Vélodrome in Marseille were killed when the roof of the stage collapsed. The Sticky & Sweet Tour has been broadcast on a number of private channels and a CD/DVD and Blu-ray version of the performances, was released in March 2010.
2008 Tom Munro - Tourbook Sticky & Sweet (Outtakes)
Show Date: December 21, 2008
Location: Sao Paulo, BR
Venue: Estadio do Morumbi
Tour: Sticky & Sweet Tour 2008
Associated album: Hard Candy
Start date: August 23, 2008
End date: September 2, 2009
42 in Europe
30 in North America
11 in South America
2 in Asia
US $408 million ($443,946,021 in 2013 dollars)